schema change methods

(Persons et al., 2001; Weiten, 1989; Young, 1999)

These core beliefs tend to be set off by everyday events. 

You will know when it happens, because it feels like someone or something has pushed your “emotional button”. 

These emotional buttons will then influence how you think, feel and act in that situation.

Just as our opinions of ourselves are created by our experiences growing up, our core beliefs develop based on our early experiences, or actually, our interpretation of those early experiences. 

So, your core beliefs will be based on the patterns of thinking you developed early in your childhood. 

Sometimes, our core beliefs can be quite negative and can really upset us when they are set off. 

This is certainly true for people with depression, whose schemas are often characterised by a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future. 

People who are vulnerable to depression tend to have at least one of the following core beliefs:
1. “Dependent” (which says “I need to be loved or approved of by others or I’m worthless”),
2. “Independent” (which says “I need to be independent or achieve really significant things or else I am worthless”). 

Also, you will pay more attention to those behaviours, thoughts and situations (As, Bs, and Cs) that fit into your core beliefs. 

So, when you are depressed, and your “dependent” or “independent” beliefs are activated, you will tend to focus on activities or interpretations of situations that fit in with this belief and your negative view of the world. 

This starts off a nasty cycle that is difficult to break.
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